The Small Town of Woodstock, Oxfordshire

The small town of Woodstock, Oxfordshire sits in the general southeast region of England. It has a current population of around 3,000 people, and is the home of Blenheim Palace, which is a designated World Heritage Site. It is conveniently located about 8 miles from Oxford and only 70 or so miles from London.

Of historical note, it is at Blenheim that Sir Winston Churchill was born in 1874. He is buried in a nearby village, also. It is also in Woodstock that Edward, the oldest son of King Edward III and more lately called the Black Prince, was born in the year 1330, in Woodstock Manor. The town was at one time in the 16th century a center of the manufacture of gloves, which made the area quite prosperous.

The town’s name comes from the Anglo-Saxon, meaning a ‘clearing in the woods.’ It was mentioned in the 11th century Domesday Book, the property survey held by William I (The Conqueror). King Henry II granted Woodstock a Royal Charter in 1179, and the town underwent great change in the 17th century, after John Churchill, the First Duke of Marlborough, took up permanent residence there.

Today, Woodstock’s main industry is tourism, with many people coming from far and wide to see Blenheim Palace. It is interesting to note that the construction of the palace itself was paid for mainly by the nation, in gratitude over the military victories of John Churchill, who fought and defeated the French and the Bavarians at Blenheim, in 1704.

The ceremonial and non-metropolitan county of Oxfordshire, in which the town of Woodstock resides, currently enjoys a population of around 635,000 people. It sits in the southeastern part of England, and is largely dependent upon tourism and motorsport corporate activities. It is also the home of the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English-speaking world.

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